The theory of the Detour
A theory of relativity in psychology


Theory of the Detour
by Michel Cariou


2. First months of the life


Outline of the presentation

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  1. Introduction
  2. First months of the life
    1. The development of the centripetal phase corresponding to the genetic development (construction of the organisation)
    2. Second phase: Birth with the human access (exercise of the vital functions and beginnings of the interactions with the adult)
  3. First detour: Structuring of the emotion and, consequently, the interaction to the human one
    1. First phase: Coordination of the emotional reactions (installation of a basic safety based on the emotional participation)
    2. Second phase: Shaping of the vital energy through the proper action (activity of relation of Wallon) and socialising action.
  4. Second detour: The differentiation of Ego and Other (of 2/3ans, till the puberty)
    1. 1° phase: Appearance of the reflexive conscience, distinction between the emotion of the Other and his own emotion and thus the subjects’ positioning from him even.
    2. Reflexive conscience
    3. 2° Phase: refinement of the others and thus of Ego by the experiment of varied social situations
  5. Third Detour: the access to the adulthood through differentiation Identity/Otherness of Kind
    1. 1st Phase: evolution of the body, discovered sexual emotion and access to the total ideology (self-centred on itself or centripetal position)
    2. Adolescence (From 11/12 years until 19/21ans minimum) and the installation of the identifiers
    3. 2nd phase: differentiation Identity/Otherness of Kind and development of a subject’s position (in realistic projects)
  6. The 4th Detour: the access to the mental activity as concrete activity
  7. References of this presentation
First phase: The development of the centripetal phase corresponding to the genetic development (construction of the organisation)

It starts, with fecundation, by the construction of the biological organisation. The social environment (circle) is then the body of the mother who provides to the organisation in safetyThe basic safety is not a feeling (conscience), but an unconscious psychological state. It expresses the state of an organism which is in adaptive agreement with its circle (whatever its level). When this agreement is threatened or broken (objectively or subjectively), an alarm signal, the anguish appears, which functions with the psychological level like the pain in the organic plan. training, food, oxygen and heat. The cells of the embryo start to multiply quickly by simple divisions. However, soon, is exerted the law of differentiation/reorganisation which is with work on all the levels, in the adaptive step of the organism. Indeed, so in the first times the cells of the embryo divide and multiply with identical, very quickly they specialise to become specific to the various parts of the body (cells nervous, muscular, and hepatic, etc…). And, if the original cells have the capacity to give rise to the specialised shapes of cells, those, while dividing will be able to only reproduce with the identical one.

The process of differentiation/reorganisation is exerted there, under the determination of a genetic information system strategic plan which is, itself, the product of the phylogenetic’s evolution and brings up to date, in each man, the adaptive strategy, so particular, to which the mankind arrived. Indeed, if the baby has with his birth a nervous system particularly developed, compared to the other species, this neurological potential is not from the start operational. It will only be activated very gradually, during a slow maturation allowing an adjustment specific to the particular conditions of the circle in which this small man will grow and have to find his place.